From time immemorial, pilgrimages have been one of the important parts of spiritual life for many Christians. Many Christians can leave behind every day of concerns from home and spend a great number of times in the presence of God as they travel to a place with special meaning. It is widely known and generally accepted that people have always gone on pilgrimage for many reasons either to apologize to God for something they had done wrong (penance) or because they were ill and wanted divine healing from God. They might also be looking for an answer to a difficulty or problem. Over the years, some places have become special for different reasons and Christians especially the Catholic Christians decide to go on Holy tour In Europe in order to become more closer to God. Here are some of the famous Catholic pilgrimages in Europe which are covered in Mollyson’s Holy Europe Package 2018.
Holy Europe Package covering Trevi Fountain, Colosseum & Roman Forum
The Trevi fountain also known as Italian de Trevi is a fountain located in the Trevi district of Rome in Italy. Studies show that it is designed by an Italian Architect named Nicola Salvi and was later completed by Pietro Balci. The Trevi fountain is about 26.3 meters high and 49.15 meters wide. It is renowned as the largest Baroque fountain in Rome and one of the most famous fountains in the world where Christian Pilgrim visits during the Holy Europe Tour. The fountain has also featured in notable movies including Federico Fellini’s La Dolce Vita and the eponymous Three Coins in the Fountain.
Colosseum: The Colosseum also known as Coliseum is an oval-shaped Amphitheatre in the center of Rome. It is built in travertine, tuff, and brick-faced concrete. It is also the largest Amphitheatre ever built in the City of Rome in Italy. The Colosseum is situated just somewhere around the east of the Roman Forum. The Colosseum is large and could occupy between about 50,000 and 80,000 spectators. It can also occupy an average population of 65,000 audiences. The building is partially ruined because of the damage caused by the earthquakes. The Colosseum still stood the feet of being an iconic symbol of Imperial Rome. It is one of the most popular tourist centres and one of the famous pilgrimages in Europe for Catholic Christians.
Roman Forum: The Roman Forum also known as Forum Romanum (Latin) is a rectangular shaped Plaza surrounded by the ruins of several important government buildings at the center of the city of Rome. This place is referred to as Forum Magnum or forum by the ancient citizens of the city. The forum has been the center of day to day life in Rome for many centuries ago. This place has also been used as the site of Triumphal procession, gladiatorial matches and the venue for various public speeches and trials of criminals. The teeming heart of the ancient Rome has also been referred to as the most celebrated meeting place in the history if the world.
Catholic pilgrimage sites in Europe: St John Lantern & Scala Sancta
The Cathedral of the most Holy Savior also known and addressed as the Papal Archbasilica of St. John in Lateran is the cathedral church of Rome in Italy. It inhabits the cathedra or the ecclesiastical seat of the Bishop of Rome. It is regarded as the oldest and the highest ranked of the four papal major basilicas. It is one of the most visited churches in Rome and one of the sacred European pilgrimages site for Catholics. This status gives the title archbasilica. Similarly, the title archbasilica came because the church is considered as the oldest public church in the city of Rome and also houses the cathedral of the Roman bishop. It also has another title of the ecumenical mother church of the Catholic faith.
Scala Sancta: The Scala Sancta are sets of 28 marble steps that are Roman Catholic relics situated in the edifice of the Holy See in the city of Rome in Italy. It is also proximate to the Archbasilica of St John in Laterano. The holy stairs which were built long ago were covered in a protective framework of wooden steps are in an edifice that incorporates part of the old, Papal Lateran Palace. As documented in the Roman Catholic traditions, the holy stairs are believed to be the steps leading to the Praetorium of Pontius Pilate in the city of Jerusalem on which Jesus Christ of Nazareth Stepped on his way to trial during his passion. Since many centuries ago, the Scala Sancta has been considered as the most visited pilgrimages in Europe and attracts many Catholic Christian Pilgrims who wish to honor the Passion of Jesus Christ.
Vatican City & Vatican Museum as Christian pilgrimages in Europe
Vatican City: Vatican City or State of Vatican City is a country situated in the city of Rome. It has an area of about 44hectares and a population of 1000. It is widely known as the smallest state in the world in areas of both population and land mass. The city is an ecclesiastical state ruled by the Bishop of Rome- The Pope. Vatican City is one of the major pilgrimages in Europe with many tourist centers like St Peter’s Basilica, the Sistine Chapel, and the Vatican museums which are visited by the Catholic pilgrims.
Vatican Museum: The Vatican museum is a European pilgrimage and art museum situated within the city boundaries of the Vatican City. The collections displayed were from the works of Popes throughout the centuries which includes some of the most renowned classical sculptures and most crucial masterpieces of Renaissance art in the world. It has over 70,000 works of which only 20,000 are on display. It also has about 640 staffs who work in 40 different administrations and restoration departments. The Vatican museum was founded by Pope Julius II in the early 16th century.
The official residence of the Pope: Sistine Chapel & Assisi
The Sistine Chapel is the official residence of the Pope in Vatican City. The chapel originally known as the Cappella Magna takes its name from Pope Sixtus IV who got it restored between the 1477 and 1480. From the time of its restoration, the chapel has served as a place of both functional and religious Papal activity. In recent times, it has turned out to be the site of Papal Conclave, the process by which a new Pope is selected. Being the official residence of the Pope, It is visited by many Christian tourists and considered as one of the important pilgrimages in Europe.
Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi: This tourist center is the mother of the Roman Catholic Order of Friars Minor Conventual in Assisi. It is a town where Saint Francis was born and died. The basilica is a distinctive feature to those approaching Assisi. The basilica was built and began in 1228. Built into the side hill, it comprises of two churches: Upper and Lower Church. It also has a crypt where the remains of the dead saints are interred. The upper and lower church is painted by numerous late medieval painters from the Roman schools. The range and quality of works by the likes of Cimabue, Giotto, Simone Martini and Pietro Lorenzetti give the basilica a unique importance in the demonstration of the development of Italian art of this period. The basilica is again one of the interesting pilgrimages in Europe.
Sacred sites of Europe: Tower of Pisa, Venice and Padua
Tower of Pisa: The Leaning Tower of Pisa is the free-standing bell tower of the cathedral of the city of Pisa in Italy. Located in the Pisa cathedral, the tower is widely known for its unintended tilt. As the third oldest structure in the city’s cathedral square, the tower tilt began during the construction in the 12th century. The height of the tower is about 55.86 meters from the ground on the low side and 56.67 meters on the high side. The weight of the tower is estimated to 14,500 metric tons. The tower has about 296 steps, Before restoration, the leaning tower is about 3.99 degrees. The tower is displaced horizontally at about 3.9 meters from the center. It’s also one of the widely visited places by the Christian pilgrims during the holy tour to Europe.
Venice: Venice is a city in the North Eastern part of Italy and it is the capital of Veneto region. It is located around about 118 Islands. The Islands are separated by bridges and canals totaling 400. The name given to the city is derived from the ancient Veneti people who inhabited the region by the 10th century. The Republic of Venice was a financial and maritime power during the middle ages and renaissance. It is also a staging area for crusades and the battle of Lepanto and as well as an essential center of commerce and art in the 13th century up till the beginning of 18th century. The city of Venice is known for its several important artistic movements which attract various Christian Pilgrims during the Europe Holy Tour.
Anthony Shrine in Padua: The Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua is Roman Catholic Church and minor Basilica in the Northern Part of Italy, Padua. The basilica is known locally as “il Santo” and it is one of the eight international shrines acknowledged by the Holy See. Sant Antonio is a giant edifice and has no precise architectural style. Dedicated to St. Anthony, Basilica is visited as a place of pilgrimage by people from all over the world. It is also a center of attraction for Christian Pilgrims during the Holy Europe Tour.
Holy Europe Tour with Milan, Mount, Lion Museum & Chapel Bridge
Duomo Cathedral in Milan: Milan Cathedral also Known as Duomo Cathedral in Milan is the cathedral of the Church of Milan in Italy. As the seat of the Archbishop of Milan, the church is considered the largest in Italy. It is also one of the tourist sites Christian Pilgrims visit during Holy Europe Tour.
Mount Titlis in Lungen: After covering many famous pilgrimages in Europe we would reach Mount Titlis. Mount Titlis is a mountain situated on the border between Cantons of Obwalden and Berne. The mountain is about 3,238 meters above the sea level. It is also regarded as the highest summit of the Northern part of the Susten pass. It is mainly accessed from the Northern side of Engelberg as the popular site of the rotating cable car.
Lion Museum: The lion museum or the Lion of Lucerne is a rock relief in the city of Lucerne in Switzerland was originally designed by Bertel Thorvaldsen and was later hewn in 1820-1821. It symbolized the Swiss guards who were massacred in 1792 when revolutionaries stormed the Tuileries Palace in Paris. It has a served as a center of tourist attraction during then European Catholic tours.
Chapel Bridge in Lucerne: Then chapel bridge in the city of Lucerne is wooden covered footbridge spanning transversely across the Reuss in Lucerne, Central part of Switzerland. Named after the nearby St Peter Chapel, the bridge is unique and contains various numbers of interior painting dates back to the 17th century. It is also one of the most visited tourist centers by The European Catholic tour.
Other Pilgrimages in Europe: Seine River cruise, Arc de Triomphe, Champs-Elysees & Eiffel Tower
Seine River cruise: The Seine river is about 777 kilometers long and one of the essential commercial waterways within the basin of Paris in the northern part of France. It rises at the source Seine, about 30 kilometers in the northwestern part of Dijon in France. The river is of the most visited tourist sites in Paris and it is visited mostly by European Catholic Pilgrims.
Arc de Triomphe: Arc de Triomphe is one of the most popular monumental areas in the capital of France. It stands at the western end of Champs Elysees and directly at the center of Place Charles de Gaulle. The Arch de Triomphe served as an honor for those who fought and died for France during the Napoleonic war and the French revolutionaries. It has the names of the French Victories inscribed on its inner and outer surfaces. Its one of the most visited places by Christian Pilgrims during European Holy Tour.
Champs-Elysees: The Avenue des Champs Elysees is an avenue in the 8th arrondissement of the capital of France in Paris. It is 1.9-kilometre long and about 70 meters wide. It is famously known for its theatres, cafes and luxury shops. It is one of the most famous streets in the world that you would discover on your tour to famous pilgrimages in Europe.
Place de La Concorde: The place de la Concorde is one of the major Public squares in the French capital. It measures about 8.64 hectares in its area and it is the largest square in the capital of France. It is situated in the eight arrondissements and at the eastern part of the Champs Elysees. It is one of the notable side attractions of the European holy tour.
Eiffel Tower: The Eiffel Tower is an iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in the capital of France. It was named after Gustave Eiffel, an engineer whose company built and designed the tower. It was originally criticized by some of France leading intellectuals and artist, but it has become a global cultural icon and also one of the most recognizable structures in the world.
Church Of the Holy Virgin Mary of Lourdes: The church of the holy virgins of Mary of Lourdes is Roman Catholic church in Poland and is famous among many pilgrimages in Europe. It was established by Lazarists and the structure was built between 1892 and 1894. The church has attracted international acclaim for a number of years making it also a place of attraction for the Catholic Christians during annual Holy Europe tours.